Tag Archives: IR

A to Z Challenge

Iguaçu Falls to the Indians

a to z letter I

Today letter is ‘I’

Iguaçu Falls.

This magnificent array of waterfalls is located in Southern Brasil in the state of Parana on the border between Argentina and Brasil. They stretch for 2.5 miles plunging 269 feet (82m) into Iguaçu River. They are absolutely “deslumbrante” (dazzling).  Numerous rocky and wooded islands on the edge of the escarpment over which the Iguaçu River plunges divide the falls into some 275 separate waterfalls or cataracts. The name of the falls comes from the Guarani Indian word meaning “great water.” In 1986 Iguacu Falls were declared a Natural Heritage of Mankind by Unesco.

The vegetation of the region is rich and varied, ranging from semi-deciduous to tropical. Contrasts are also abundant, with orchids growing next to pines, bamboos next to palm trees, and mosses next to lianas and colorful begonias.

Iguacu falls

Iguaçú Falls. Photo by riczribeiro/Flickr


Most of what is known as Ipanema today belonged to aristocrat José Antonio Moreira Filho, the Barão de Ipanema. Ipanema means bad water in Brazilian Indian dialect, but since the name was inherited from the baron, it has nothing to do with our beautiful blue sea. Once the tunnel connecting Copacabana to Botafogo was opened, Ipanema was finally integrated to the rest of the city.

Shopping ipanema

Shopping is upmarket in Ipanema

In Ipanema the main shopping artery is Rua Visconde de Piraja, but the cross-streets are as interesting as. Garcia D’Avila, for one, is the street to visit if you have an interest in jewelry – even if only to dream a little.

Cycle hire Ipanema

Cycle hire in Ipanema by Airbnb

In 1894 Vila Ipanema was founded, with 19 streets and 2 parks.  The neighborhood started to grow faster with the arrival of streetcars in 1902.  Ipanema became a household name in the 1950′s and 60′s – it is the birthplace of Bossa Nova. The whole world learned about it with hit song The Girl from Ipanema by Antonio Carlos Jobim and Vinícius de Morais, both Ipanema residents.


Since then Ipanema is always setting new trends, and what happens here reverberates throughout the country. Take Banda de Ipanema, for instance. What started as a celebration among a few dozen friends ended up bringing a new life to Rio de Janeiro’s Street Carnival festivities. Today the parades attract as many as fifteen thousand, and many other neighborhoods have street bands of their own.Read more.


Ipanema Beach by Airbnb

There’s much more to do at the beach than just working on your tan. You may join locals for a match of beach soccer, or beach volleyballFoot-volleyball is a little harder if you’re a novice, but you could always try. If you never tried surfingbodyboarding or skimboarding, you’re welcome to watch. The day to see Capoeira is Sunday, when the beach lane is open for pedestrians only.

hippy fair

Hippie Fair in Ipanema

The official name is Feira de Artezanato de Ipanema (Handcrafts & Art Fair of Ipanema), but everybody still uses the original name, Feira de hippie, a reminiscence of the 70´s. Typical foods, handmade art, Brazilian musical instruments, and many more attractions are found at this weekly event. It is the perfect place to find a souvenir with local colors. Or just walk around leisurely, and enjoy the moment. The best way to spend a Sunday. Read more.


Itaúna Beach is one of Saquarema’s most famous beaches and is the stage of professional volleyball and surfing championships. This is a beach we mainly visit for body-boarding and surfing, a nice area with lots of restaurants and bars.

Itanua, saquarema

 Itaúna Beach


IPVA - Property Tax Motor Vehicle (tax on motorized vehicles which also includes third party insurance), IR - Income tax, IOF - Tax on Credit (Tax on Financial Operations), IPEA - Institute of Applied Economic Research, IPI - Tax on Industrialized Products, IPTU - Urban Real Estate Tax.


Islands of Brazil.

The are literally dozens of islands here a few and even one to buy!

Itaparica Island

Itaparica is a Brazilian island in All Saint’s Bay, about 10 km from the city of Salvador, Bahia. It is known for hosting the Sul America Open tennis competition. In the island, there are two cities: Itaparica and Vera Cruz.

Itaparica Island

 Itaparica Island

Ilha Grande

Ilha Grande (Big Island) is a beautiful Brazilian island decorated with fascinating landscapes, 86 tropical beaches, rivers, crystal clear lagoons, waterfalls, plains, mountains and peaks spread out over 193km2. The paradisiacal sites are abundant due to the contrast of the Atlantic Rainforest and the sea. One of the 365 islands of Angra dos Reis Archipelago off the coast of Rio de Janeiro State, Ilha Grande has no roads and no private cars but many hiking trails that links to the beaches. It is 125km from Rio de Janeiro Capital and 1/3 of its scenic beauty of rugged landscape with luxuriant vegetation is a State Park. Atlantic Rainforest covers about half of the island. The island is reached by an hour and a half car ride from Rio de Janeiro to the port of Mangaratiba, followed by a 45mins. ferry ride.

Ilha grande

 Ilha Grande

Ilha Grande is one of the most pristine remnants of Brazil’s Atlantic rainforest, one of the richest ecosystems in the world, and a hotspot for biodiversity and conservation. It holds some of the largest remaining populations of many endangered species, including the red-ruffed fruitcrow (Pyroderus scutatus), the brown howler monkey (Alouatta fusca), the maned sloth (Bradypus torquatus) the red-browed Amazon parrot (Amazona rhodocorytha), and the broad-snouted caiman (Caiman latirostris). The seas around the island, which are also protected, feature a unique convergence of tropical, subtropical, and temperate-zone marine life, and may be the only waters in the world where it is possible to see corals and tropical fish along with Magellanic penguins and Southern right whales. Read more.

Ilha Grande

Ilha Grande

Itanhanga Island

This beautiful large isle is located in the heart of one of Brazil’s hottest tourist areas, the gorgeous Angra dos Reis. The island has 2 hills of 100 meters high covered by tropical rainforest, totalizing 220.000 square meters.

Free Area to construct: over 70.000 square meters, the rest is considered a nature preserved area of what is locally called here: Mata Atlantica. This developed island is available to buy as a freehold property of 42 Acres at a bargain price of US$14,000000



Brazil’s Indians

The Indigenous peoples in Brazil (Portuguese: povos indígenas no Brasil) comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who inhabited the country prior to the European invasion around 1500. Unlike Christopher Columbus, who thought he had reached the East Indies, the Portuguese, most notably Vasco da Gama, had already reached India via the Indian Ocean route when they reached Brazil.

Nevertheless the word índios (“Indians”) was by then established to designate the people of the New World and stuck being used today in the Portuguese language to designate these peoples, while the people of India, Asia are called indianos in order to distinguish the two people.

Brazil’s Amazon is home to more uncontacted tribes than anywhere in the world. There could be up to 70 isolated groups in this rainforest, according to the government’s Indian affairs department FUNAI.

Their decision not to maintain contact with other tribes and outsiders is almost certainly a result of previous disastrous encounters and the ongoing invasion and destruction of their forest home. I will be doing more, later in the challenge, on the various tribes as a few are conveniently spelt with a ‘k’,  ‘y’ and ‘z’.



See you Tomorrow for ‘J’.

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